МИРЈАНА ПРОШИЋ ДВОРНИЋ
културни антрополог, Northwood University, Мидланд, Мичиген, САД
ОДНОС ПРИРОДЕ И КУЛТУРЕ У АРХИТЕКТУРИ ОЛДЕНА Б. ДАУА
THE RELATIONSHIP OF NATURE AND CULTURE IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF ALDEN B. DOW
Зборник 8/2012 (Музеј примењене уметности), страна 87-98
72.071.1 Дау О.
Олден Б. Дау (Alden B. Dow, 1904-1983) је био амерички архитекта који је створио сопствену синтезу визуелног изражаја модерне архитектуре америчког Средњег Запада. У оквиру тог еклектичног правца, насталог свуда као критика традиционалних викторијанских стилова, непримерених новом добу, Дау је п
модерна, однос природе и кутуре, Олден Б. Дау (Alden B. Dow), проточна архитектура, форма као израз функције
Alden B. Dow (1904-1983) was born in Midland, a small town in mid-Michigan, as the fifth of Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow's seven children. H.H. Dow founded the Dow Chemical Company in 1891, thus not only contributing to the industrial upsurge which advanced the US from a semi-peripheral to a core nation, but also saving Midland from its near ruin. Instead, the town became a destination for many professionals looking for rewarding employment and pleasant living conditions. The fact that H.H. Dow and his affluent coworkers constantly strived to develop a self-sufficient settlement with amenities that surpass the usual contents of a small town, worked to A. Dow's advantage. Midland, like very few other American towns, such as F. L. Wright's Oak Park, Illinois, or Brother Greene's Pasadena, California, can boast of being shaped by its own architect and city planner.
A. Dow studied architecture at Columbia University (1927- 1931), where the academic approach still dominated. He was, on the other hand, drawn towards styles that preferred placing function over form, such as the Arts and Crafts Movement (F. L. Wright in particular), Japanese and modern architecture. During his rich career, starting in late 1920s, Dow, as a part of Midwestern Modern, developed his own distinctive synthesis of styles believing that architecture had to be one with nature and a created environment that stimulated the advancement and the individuality of people who used it. He has designed hundreds of buildings ranging from residential to commercial, educational, religious and civic structures. Although most of them are located in Midland and in Michigan, his buildings are also found in many other parts of the US.
This article focuses on his residential buildings and is based on the research in the Alden B. Dow Archives, housed in A. B. Dow Home and Studio, a National Historic Landmark, and on the analyses of 16 Midland homes.
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