Драгиња Маскарели
историчар уметности, Кућa легата, Београд

КОЛЕКЦИЈA СРЕБРНИНЕ ИЗ ЛЕГАТА ИРИНЕ СИМИЋ У МУЗЕЈУ ПРИМЕЊЕНЕ УМЕТНОСТИ У БЕОГРАДУ
SILVERWARE COLLECTION FROM THE IRINA SIMIĆ LEGACY IN THE MUSEUM OF APPLIED ART IN BELGRADE

Зборник 2/2006 (Музеј примењене уметности), страна 31-39

УДК:
069. 51 : 73/75
069. 51 : 64

Апстракт:
Легат Ирине Симић чува се у Музеју примењене уметности у Београду и садржи 194 предмета: уметничке слике, стилски намештај, тепихе, накит, посуђе и др. Колекцију сребрнине из легата чини 25 предмета, углавном посуђа, стоног прибора и ситних употребних и украсних предмета који се чувају у Одсеку за метал и накит. Већина предмета из колекције потиче из 19. и првих деценија 20. века са подручја Западне Европе и Русије. Овај прилог доноси преглед основних података о легату Ирине Симић и колекцији сребрнине у оквиру овог легата.

Кључне речи:
сребрнина, посуђе, стони прибор, Београд, легати, збирке, Ирина Симић

Summary:
The history of Irina Simić legacy is insufficiently well known and has only been partly reconstructed to date. The legacy, which the Belgrader Irina Simić bequeathed to the City of Belgrade in 1975, is kept in the Museum of Applied Art in Belgrade. It contains 194 objects: paintings, antique furniture, carpets, jewellery, artistically crafted metal objects, ceramics, porcelain, glass, etc.
Irina Simić (1915-1988) was born in Moscow, in a bourgeois family which, immediately after the outbreak of the October Revolution, emigrated to Yugoslavia. Irina's father, Nikola Kopitin, was an engineer. Irina Simić compiled her collection of the works of art together with her husband, Ljubomir Simić. They married in Belgrade in 1957, and they contributed works to the collection either individually, from their respective family inheritance, or collected them in the course of their life together.
The silverware collection from Irina Simić legacy comprises 25 objects, mostly tableware and small useful and decorative objects and decoration that are kept in the Metal and Jewellery Department. Most of the objects from the collection date back to the 19th century and first decades of the 20th century, from the area of Western Europe and Russia.
Among the objects from the collection, particularly worthy of attention is the serving tray (Cat. No. 5), made about 1880, a product of a reputable Vienna company, J. C. Klinkosch, samovar (Cat. No. 6), made in Warsaw in 1845-1847 in the workshop owned by Messrs. K. Klima and Szewski, as well as parts of a tea service (Cat. No. 7 and 8) made in St. Petersburg 1844/45.
An exception in this collection is a silver chalice (Cat. No. 1), made in the 17th century in one of the famous Augsburg workshops. Besides, the collection also harbours a specimen of the industrial design: sugar tongs (Cat. No. 20) from the 3300 tableware set, which was designed in 1951 by Kurt Mayer for the famous German factory WMF.
The silverware collection as well as the entire Irina Simić legacy was not produced by systematic collection but rather constitutes a body of objects of different provenance, intended use, and artistic value. Many objects from the collection are actually parts of bigger functional units which were lost. Regardless of these losses that are observed from the museological perspective, the Irina Simić legacy is nevertheless an important document about the middle-class lifestyle in Serbia and the aspirations of Serbian middle-class to maintain its cultural connections and values throughout different social environments.

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