Независни истраживач, Београд, Србија

АУКЦИЈСКИ ЗАБОРАВ: питање отуђене и експатрисане заоставштине династије Обреновић
AUCTION-INDUCED FORGETTING: the Question of Alienated and Expatriated Legacy of the House of Obrenović

Зборник 13/2017 (Музеј примењене уметности), страна 9-21

Категорија чланка: оригинални научни рад


Деструкција и отуђење материјалних сведочанстава саставни су део активног заборава у условима када културну политику диктира резон устоличен исходом радикалних друштвено-политичких превирања. Тако је и „вартоломејском“сменом на српском престолу 1903. примат често уступан идеолошким слојевима докумен

Кључне речи:
заоставштина Обреновића, аукција, заборав, експатријација, репатријација

Destruction and alienation of heritage traces are an integral part of active forgetting introduced by the outcome of political overthrows. In determining the status of the legacy of the House of Obrenović in the aftermath of the 1903 change of rulling dynasty on the Serbian throne, an analogous raison d'être was put into force. Following the bloody coup, a large amount of movable goods of the deposed royal house was either vandalised or plundered, either ended up as auction lots.

The sales of dynastic effects on domestic soil were but an overture to a far wider auction activities abroad. Thus, on 8 December 1904, Queen Draga's property, consisting of costumes and jewels, was auctioned at Christie's of London, in favour of the late queen's sisters. It sparked interest among bidders and merchants trading in luxuries, who were attracted by the possibility of adding unique items to their collections, whose high-quality craftsmanship was granted by the fact that they had once belonged to a royal persona. Nevertheless, despite the initial pomp, the prices realised were far below expectation.

The subsequent sale at the Viennese Dorotheum, from 10 to 16 October 1905, was not only the largest in terms of quantity of the Obrenović memorabilia, but also in number of items offered to this auction house up to that point. Comprised of complete suites of furniture, silver, glass, and porcelain services, decorative objects, gifts of crowned heads and statesmen, and works of art, this auction was unparalleled in attesting to the court culture during the reign of the last Obrenović rulers. It was initiated for fundraising purposes by Queen Nathalie, but motives of a more personal nature – primarily, the necessity of forgetting the tragic past these articles evoked – prompted her to make such a decision, the decision which has once again underlined that the meanings with which we invest objects most often prevail over their artistic and utility features.

Though on a much smaller scale, assets related to members of the House of Obrenović have continued to be subject to trade and auction transfers over the course of the 20th and into the 21st centuries. Rare instances in which a portion of the 'expatriated' legacy managed to find its way back to Serbian museum collections are primarily the result of private initiatives, rather than due to a wider cultural platform.

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