MARTA VUKOTIĆ LAZAR
art historian, Urban Planning Institute of Belgrade
NATAŠA DANILOVIĆ HRISTIĆ
architect, Urban Planning Institute of Belgrade

ZNAČAJ SAVREMENE UMETNOSTI U PROCESU INTERDISCIPLINARNOG DIZAJNA JAVNOG GRADSKOG PROSTORA BEOGRADA
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CONTEMPORARY ART IN PROCCESS OF THE INTERDISCIPLINARY DESIGN OF THE PUBLIC URBAN SPACE OF BELGRADE

Journal 8/2012 (Museum of Applied Art), pages 119-129

UDC:
7.038.5:711.4(497.11) ; 711.4.01(497.11)
ID 195693580

Abstract (original language):
Rad se bavi značajem savremene umetnosti u javnom političkom prostoru Beograda, kako na nivou interdisciplinarnosti pristupa različitih struka: od planera, arhitekata, umetnika, potom značaja povezivanja prostora različitih razmera : grada, trga, ulica, blokova, do nivoa konkretnog primera, dosadašnje delatnosti „Komisije za postavljanje skulptura u slobodnom prostoru Skupštine grada Beograda“, projekta koji je započet 2008. godine, sa zadatkom da se izabere 10 umetničkih dela i opredeli za lokacije u gradu, koje bi odgovarale za njihovo postavljanje, uz proveru svih urbanističkih i drugih tehničkih mogućnosti. Proces interdisciplinarnog dizajna javnog gradskog prostora Beograda, osim što računa na unapređenje urbanog dizajna grada, ulazi u još jednu sferu i ne manje važnu dimeniziju za nastanak ovoga rada, a to je politički domen javnog prostora, te shodno tome sve intervencije u njemu zahtevaju, precizno planirane i osmišljene koraka - od ideje, preko odlučivanja, do realizacije u prostoru.
U okviru rada se razmatraju i različiti kritički stavovi i tumačenja vrednosti i simbolike, kako odabira umetničkih radova, tako i odabira prostora predviđenih za tu namenu, sa posebnim osvrtom na njihovu interakciju i kompatabilnost u formiranju novih ambijenata Beograda. Rad ima za cilj da predloži konkretne smernice u formirnju „Sistematskog registra realizovane savremene umetnosti u javnom gradskom prostoru Beograda“ i to u najširem smislu počev od savremene skulpture, reljefa, murala, mozaika, fontana, urbanog mobilijara posebnog dizajna, pa sve do savremeno dizajniranih stanica javnog gradskog prevoza ili dizajnirane rasvete itd. Takvi registri, po abecednom redu, po datumu postavljanja itd., obuhvatili bi i planove, fotografije, sve validne podatke o delu, tehnici, materijalima itd.

Key words: (original language)
Beograd, umetnost, integracija, javni politički prostor, urbani dizajn, građani, registar, edukacija, evaluacija

Summary:
Chossening the art creations for displaying in unconvetnional frames, outside the museums and galeries, in other words, in urban public places, require special criterias of evaluation, because beside critisizm of art compositions it is necessery to grade and select appropriarte location, in order to form compatible and unrepeatable ambient. Public art is specially dealing with different critiques connected with evaluation and choise, interpretation of the artistic value, symbolism, context and overall presentation, particurarly because it is ussually funded from public budget and contstantly availalble and subject to reactions of all urban space users, profesionales and citizens. No matter if their character is permanent or temporary, art subjects have a power to fundamentally change appearance and nature of space, give it new dimension, or design it in the different manner. The fact is that the public space is actually the politic realm, so all interventions require certain steps, from initiatives to decisions making and realization. As case study of procedures is stated example of work of Commission for sculptures of Belgrade's City Assemble, that started in 2008, with a task to elect 10 art compositions and to opt for becomingly exhibition locations, with verification of all urban or technical possibilities. In addition, the authors are giving the proposal and concept for forming the Base Register of artistic masterpieces and public art on territory of the City of Belgrade, like model that some cities already have, in layout of public digital information base. The Register should contain all relevant and up-to-date data with visualization and mapping, with the goal to bring and promote the culture of this ambience to all interested persons.

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