MILAN PROSEN
art historian, Belgrade

ZGRADA DRŽAVNE HIPOTEKARNE BANKE U VALJEVU : NEPOZNATO DELO ARHITEKTE VASILIJA FON BAUMGARTENA
THE STATE MORTGAGE BANK BUILDING IN VALJEVO : AN UNKNOWN WORK OF TNE ARCHITECT VASILIJE FON BAUMGARTEN

Journal 6/2010 (Museum of Applied Art), pages 81-90

UDC:
725.24(497.11)"19"; 72.071.1:929Baumgarten V.F.

Abstract (original language):
Zgrada filijale Državne hipotekarne banke podignuta je u centru Valjeva 1939. godine. Godinu dana ranije, list Politika je reprodukovao perspektivu projekta ove banke u tekstu o podizanju "najlepše zgrade u Valjevu". Zgradu su, po navodu Politike, projektovali g. g. Vasilije Baumgorski i Velimir Janković, arhitekti Državne hipotekarne banke. Iza pogrešnog navoda Baumgorski, nalazi se ime arhitekte Vasilija (Vilhelma) fon Baumgartena. NJegovo autorstvo potvrdili su i originalni projekti sačuvani u zgradi banke. Kao autor malog, ali izuzetno reprezentativnog opusa - Generalštaba vojske i mornarice u Beogradu (1928), Oficirskog doma Kraljevine Jugoslavije u Skoplju (1929), Ruskog Doma u Beogradu (1933), i Hipotekarne banku u Pančevu (1940) - Baumgarten se uz Nikolaja Krasnova smatra najznačajnijim predstavnikom arhitekata ruskih emigranata. Osim što pripada opusu značajnog umetnika, zgrada banke u Valjevu je i najistaknutiji primer arhitekture stila ar deko u ovom gradu i jedan od najreprezentativnijih objekata, ove za sada retko proučavane graditeljske pojave u Srbiji. Na fasadi i u enterijeru banke nalaze se reljefi i skulpture, radovi vajara Vladimira Zagorodnjuka, takođe ruskog emigranta. Originalni izgled objekta je devastiran naknadnim proširivanjem i nadogradnjom. O njegovim stilskim, estetskim i umetničkim svojstvima svedoči sačuvana fotografija iz ranih pedesetih godina HH veka, koja je i inicirala pisanje ovog rada.

Key words: (original language)
Vasilij fon Baumgarten, Hipotekarna banka, Valjevo, ar deko, međuratna arhitektura u Srbiji, Vladimir Zagorodnjuk, ar deko reljefi

Summary:
The building of the State Mortgage Bank subsidiary was built in the center of Valjevo in 1939. А year earlier, newspaper Politika reproduced the design of the bank project in the text about constructing "the most beautiful building in Valjevo": According to the Politika the building was designed bу Mr. Vasilije Baumgorski and Velimir Janković, the architects of the State Mortgage Bank.
The incorrectly spelled name Baumgorski stands for the name of the architect Vasilije (Wilhelm) fon Baumgarten. His authorship was confirmed by the original designs that are kept in the bank building. As the author of а small but very representative opus, Baumgarten, together with Nicolai Krasnov, is considered one of the most important representatives of Russian immigrant architects. His opus includes Army and Navy Headquarters in Belgrade (1928), The Army house of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in Skopje (1929), The Russian House in Belgrade (1933) and the Mortgage Bank in Pančevo (1940).
Besides the fact that it belongs to the opus of this significant artist, the bank building in Valjevo is one of the most important examples of Art Deco architectural style in this city and one of the most representative buildings, of this rarely studied building phenomena in Serbia. On the facade and in the bank interior there are reliefs and sculptures by the sculptor Vladimir Zagorodnjuk, who was also а Russian emigrant. Original look of the building is devastated by additional expansion and overbuilding. The preserved photograph from the early 1950s testifies about its stylistic, esthetic and artistic characteristic. This photograph initiated the writing of this paper.

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